Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Some Sql Server Interview Questions

* Difference between Set and Select
Ans:
1) Set is a ANSI standard for variable assignment.
   Select is a Non-ANSI standard when assigning variables.We can assign only one variable at a time

2) We can assign multiple variable at a time.When assigning from a query that returns more than one value, SET will fail with an error.
   When assigning from a query that returns more than one value, SELECT will assign the last value returned by the query and hide the fact that the query returned

* What is Network Packet Size in SQL
Ans:
NPS(Network Packet Size) is the size of the TDS (tabular data stream) packets used to communicate between your applications and your relational database engine and default packet size is 4 kilobytes and its manily depends on network packet size configuration option.


* How many different locks in SQL SERVER
Ans:
(1)Intent
(2)shared
(3)Update
(4)Exclusive
(5)Schema
(6)Bulk Update

* Diffrence between temp table and table variable
Ans:
(1)Temp Tables are created in the SQL Server TEMPDB database and therefore require more IO resources and locking. Table Variables and Derived Tables are created in memory.

(2)Temp Tables will generally perform better for large amounts of data that can be worked on using parallelism whereas Table Variables are best used for small amounts of data (I use a rule of thumb of 100 or less rows) where parallelism would not provide a significant performance improvement.

(3)You cannot use a stored procedure to insert data into a Table Variable or Derived Table. For example, the following will work: INSERT INTO #MyTempTable EXEC dbo.GetPolicies_sp whereas the following will generate an error: INSERT INTO @MyTableVariable EXEC dbo.GetPolicies_sp.

(4)Derived Tables can only be created from a SELECT statement but can be used within an Insert, Update, or Delete statement.

(5) In order of scope endurance, Temp Tables extend the furthest in scope, followed by Table Variables, and finally Derived Tables.

* What is Cursor
Ans:
  Cursor is a database object used by applications to manipulate data in a set on a row-by-row basis, instead of the typical SQL commands that operate on all the rows in the set at one time. For example, you can use cursor to include a list of all user databases and make multiple operations against each database by passing each database name as a variable

* Write some disadvantage of Cursor
Ans:
  Cursor plays there row quite nicely but although there are some disadvantage of Cursor . Because we know cursor doing roundtrip it will make network line busy and also make time consuming methods. First of all select query gernate output and after that cursor goes one by one so roundtrip happen.Another disadvange of cursor are ther are too costly because they require lot of resources and temporary storage so network is quite busy.

* Can you tell me the difference between DELETE and TRUNCATE commands
Ans:
  Delete command removes the rows from a table based on the condition that we provide with a WHERE clause. Truncate will actually remove all the rows from a table and there will be no data in the table after we run the truncate command.

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